On October 24, the Federal Reserve Board (Fed), the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC), and the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC) (collectively, the agencies) finally issued their long-awaited final rule modernizing how they assess lenders’ compliance under the Community Reinvestment Act (CRA). The CRA was enacted in 1977 to address systemic inequities in access to credit and encourages banks to meet the credit needs of the entire community, including low- and moderate-income (LMI) communities, consistent with safety and soundness principles. The last meaningful, comprehensive revision to the CRA regulations occurred in 1995.
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On August 2, the Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council (FFIEC) announced updates to certain sections and examination procedures in the FFIEC Bank Secrecy Act/Anti-Money Laundering Examination Manual (Manual). The Manual instructs examiners on how to assess a bank’s anti-money laundering/countering the financing of terrorism (AML/CFT) program and its compliance with other AML/CFT regulatory requirements. The FFIEC cautions that the updates should not be seen as new instructions or an increased focus on certain areas, but instead as offering further transparency into the examination process and supporting risk-focused examination work.
On July 27, the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (collectively, the agencies) issued a joint notice of proposed rulemaking that would revise the capital requirements applicable to large banking organizations (those with $100 billion or more in total…
On July 18, Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC) Senior Deputy Comptroller for Large Bank Supervision Greg Coleman testified on OCC supervision of climate-related financial risks before the U.S. House of Representatives’ Committee on Financial Services’ Subcommittee on Financial Institutions and Monetary Policy.
On June 29, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, and the National Credit Union Administration (collectively, the agencies) issued a joint policy statement on commercial real estate loan workouts building on existing guidance calling for financial institutions to work “prudently and constructively” with distressed borrowers. The joint policy statement supersedes the agencies’ 2009 guidance.
At a Brookings Institution event on June 20, Assistant Attorney General Jonathan Kanter, a top antitrust official for the U.S. Justice Department (DOJ or Department), announced that the Department will reassess its approach to bank merger enforcement given current market realities. Specifically, the Department will assess whether the factual and economic assumptions underlying its 1995 Bank Merger Guidelines are adequate to measure today’s competition.
On May 25, the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC) announced that it has revised its manual on bank enforcement actions to specifically address banks that exhibit or fail to correct persistent weaknesses. The OCC’s focus is on the larger and more complex banks it supervises.
On May 23, Chairman Martin J. Gruenberg of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) delivered remarks at the Cities for Financial Empowerment Fund 2023 Bank On National Conference. One of the focuses of the Chairman’s remarks was on entities that misrepresent the availability of deposit insurance. ”[S]ince 2022, the FDIC has taken action against more than 85 entities that were misrepresenting the nature, extent, or availability of deposit insurance. In some instances, these firms had made misleading claims in connection with crypto assets while others had apparently developed fraudulent websites to trick consumers into believing they were doing business with a bank.”
Today, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) published a notice of proposed rulemaking that would impose special assessments to recover losses to the Deposit Insurance Fund (DIF) arising from the FDIC’s protection of uninsured depositors in the wake of the two significant bank closings in March 2023. The Federal Deposit Insurance Act requires the FDIC to recover any losses to the DIF as a result of protecting uninsured depositors through a special assessment. The law also provides the FDIC authority to consider the types of entities that benefited the most from the assistance provided.
On April 12, at a roundtable discussion hosted by the Bipartisan Policy Center Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) Vice Chair Travis Hill opined that the following potential regulatory responses to the failure of Silicon Valley Bank and liquidation of Silvergate Bank should be considered.